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A cookie is a file stored in your computer by the website you have visited. It may contain

your online behaviour such as your preferences, shopping cart choices, and/or your

browsing history. There are many types of cookies. Some are necessary for accessing

websites while some are just used to track your web behaviour. You need to know the

basics of cookies and which type to accept and which type to reject.

There are different types of cookies. Session cookies are required for many websites that require a

log-in, so that you do not have to enter your username and password for every page you intend to

visit. Session cookies are deleted by your browser as soon as you close it. You should consider allowing

session cookies; otherwise, you will be denied access by many websites that require you to log in.

Know your website cookies

Always make sure https:// appears at the beginning of the web address before you provide any

sensitive personal information (such as credit card numbers) over the Internet to trusted websites.

When you are accessing a website through https://, the identity of the website is also checked by the

browser. You can learn from the browser’s Help menu how to read and confirm the identity of the

website through a padlock / key icon displayed on screen.

You can enable automatic https:// access for many popular email and social networking sites.

Make good use of this facility whenever possible. Check the respective sites on how to enable

this function. Once enabled, communications via mobile applications (apps) of these services will

also be protected by encryption.

SSL is an encryption technology used in accessing websites. If you use https://

instead of http:// at the beginning of the web address to visit a website, then the

communication is protected by SSL encryption to prevent eavesdropping. This is

very important if you are using Wi-Fi to connect to the Internet, as many Wi-Fi hotspots

have not enabled built-in encryption.

Use SSL to protect online information

Protecting Privacy –

Using Computers and the Internet Wisely